Denis Le Bihan, M.D., Ph.D.
Dr. Le Bihan is especially credited with inventing, developing and introducing into research and clinical practice the concept of diffusion MRI, a new and powerful approach to study normal and diseased brain anatomy and function, as well as brain wiring, from the measurement of molecular motion (Brownian motion), in particular for water, in biological tissues. This method has been taken up by MRI system manufacturers and is today used worldwide both for basic research and clinical applications, especially for the management of acute brain ischemia (stroke), white matter diseases and connectivity disorders, as well as for the diagnosis of cancer (brain, breast, prostate, liver). Noticeably, with Dr.Basser at NIH, Dr Le Bihan introduced Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) which allows to map the circuitry of the brain. This approach is yielding insight into how brain connections underlie brain function, and will open up new lines of inquiry for human neuroscience and for treating brain disorders, especially psychiatric disorders. Dr. Le Bihan has also significantly contributed to the development of functional MRI (fMRI) which has changed for ever the way we study the humain brain, giving access to the neural networks underlying complex cognitive functions, such as language, mental imagery or even consciousness.
Dr. Le Bihan' pioneering research in diffusion and functional MRI has had an enormous impact on the fields of modern Radiology and Neuroscience. Indeed, his contributions are widely acknowledged in the literature and in medical curricula throughout the world. The most recent discovery of D. Le Bihan's team is that water diffusion slows down during neuronal activation. These results are of considerable interest, because they suggest that dynamic changes in brain tissue structure (such as neuron swelling) are concomitant to brain activation. Diffusion MRI could thus provide a new, direct approach to detect and localize brain activation, significantly shifting from the current PET and fMRI approaches based on blood flow changes.
Dr. Le Bihan belongs to several professional societies and serves on the editorial boards of prestigious peer reviewed journals. Commensurate with his prolific research, Dr. Le Bihan has authored or co-authored over 250 articles, book chapters and review articles in the fields of MRI, imaging, neuroscience and radiology. For his contributions, Dr. Le Bihan was awarded in 2001 the Gold Medal of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. He is the 2002 recipient of the famous Lounsbery Award from the National Academy of Sciences (USA) and French Academy of Sciences, the corecipient (with S. Dehaene) of the Louis D. Award of the Institut de France in 2003. Dr. Le Bihan also received the prestigious Honda Prize (2012) and Louis Jeantet Foundation Award (2014). Dr Le Bihan, an Officer in the National Order of Merit, is a full member of the French Academy of SciencesKey-words: medical imaging, neuroimaging, molecular diffusion, functional neuroimaging, cognitive functions, molecular imaging.
Last revised: 1/1/15
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